Showing posts with label AWARDS. Show all posts
Showing posts with label AWARDS. Show all posts

Monday, March 7, 2016

AWARDS AND THEIR RELATED FIELDS

Bharat Ratna: It is the highest civilian award of the India. The award was given for outstanding achievements in the arts, literature, science and public services  but the government expanded the criteria to include "any field of human endeavor". The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.

Nobel Prize: The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as the most prestigious award available in the fields of literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, peace, and economics.

Oscar Award: The Academy Awards, or "Oscars", is an annual American awards ceremony hosted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements in the United States film industry as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a statuette, officially called the Academy Award of Merit, which has become commonly known by its nickname "Oscar". The awards, first presented in 1929.

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar award: The Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology (SSB) is a science award in India given annually by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for notable and outstanding research, applied or fundamental, in biology, chemistry, environmental science, engineering, mathematics, medicine and Physics.

Kalinga Prize: The Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science is an award given by UNESCO for exceptional skill in presenting scientific ideas to lay people.

Pulitzer Prize: Journalism; The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.

Abel Prize: Mathematics; The Abel Prize is an international prize awarded annually by the Government of Norway to one or more outstanding mathematicians.

Grammy Award: Music; A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to recognize outstanding achievement in the music industry.

Stirling Prize: Architecture; The Royal Institute of British Architects Stirling Prize is a British prize for excellence in architecture.

Aga Khan Award: Architecture; The Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) is an architectural prize established by Aga Khan IV in 1977. It aims to identify and reward architectural concepts that successfully address the needs and aspirations of Islamic societies in the fields of contemporary design, social housing, community development and improvement. 

Pritzker Prize: Architecture; The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually "to honor a living architect.

Bihari Puraskar: Literature; Bihari Puraskar is a literary award instituted by K. K. Birla Foundation. The award is named after the famous Hindi poet Bihari and is awarded to an outstanding work published in Hindi or Rajasthani by a Rajasthani writer.

Moorti Devi Award: Literature; The Moortidevi Award is an annual literary award in India presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith organization for a work which emphasizes Indian philosophy and culture.

Booker Prize: Literature; It is an annual award for the best original novel, written in the English language, and published in the UK literary award

Dadasaheb Phalke Award: Cinema/Films; The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India's highest award in cinema. It is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals, an organisation set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

Saraswati Samman: Literature; The award was instituted in 1991 by the K. K. Birla Foundation. It is an annual award given for outstanding prose or poetry literary works in any 22 Indian languages.

Jnanpith award: Literature; The award was instituted in 1961 and it is It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of the newspaper The Times of India. It is an annual award given for outstanding prose or poetry literary works in any 22 Indian languages.

Vyas Samman: Literature; Vyas Samman is awarded annually by the K.K. Birla Foundation in recognition of the Hindi literary work published in past 10 years.

Arjuna Award: outstanding performance from the sportspersons in sports and games.

Dronacharya Award: eminent coaches of any particular sport .

Dhyan Chand Award: The award that is given to the veteran sportspersons of India for their lifetime achievement in their respective field of sport is named as the Dhyan Chand Award for Life Time Achievement in Sports and Games.

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award: The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is the highest honour bestowed to a sportsperson for his/her achievements in India.

Dadasaheb Phalke Award Winners list till 2015




Year
Winner
Occupation

2015
Manoj Kumar
Actor and Director

2014
Shashi Kapoor
Actor, Director and Producer

2013
Gulzar
Poet, Lyricist and Director

2012
Pran
Actor

2011
Soumitra Chatterjee
Actor

2010
K. Balachander
Director

2009
D. Ramanaidu
Producer

2008
VK Murthy
Cinematographer

2007
Manna Dey
Singer

2006
Tapan Sinha
Director

2005
Shyam Benegal
Director

2004
Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Director

2003
Mrinal Sen
Director

2002
Dev Anand
Actor, Director and Producer

2001
Yash Chopra
Director and Producer

2000
Asha Bhosle
Singer

1999
Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Director

1998
B.R. Chopra
Director and Producer

1997
Pradeep
Lyricist

1996
Sivaji Ganesan
Actor

1995
Rajkumar
Actor

1994
Dilip Kumar
Actor

1993
Majrooh Sultanpuri
Lyricist

1992
Bhupen Hazarika
Composer (Music Director)

1991
Bhalji Pendharkar
Director, Producer and Writer

1990
Akkineni Nageswara Rao
Actor

1989
Lata Mangeshkar
Singer

1988
Ashok Kumar
Actor

1987
Raj Kapoor
Actor and Director

1986
B. Nagi Reddy
Producer

1985
V. Shantaram
Actor, Director and Producer

1984
Satyajit Ray
Director

1983
Durga Khote
Actress

1982
L. V. Prasad
Actor, Director and Producer

1981
Naushad Ali
Composer (Music Director)

1980
Paidi Jairaj
Actor and Director

1979
Sohrab Modi
Actor, Director and Producer

1978
Rai Chand Boral
Composer and Director

1977
Nitin Bose
Cinematographer, Director and Writer,

1976
Kanan Devi
Actress

1975
Dhirendranath Ganguly
Actor and Director

1974
Bomireddi Narasimha Reddy
Director

1973
Ruby Myers (Sulochana)
Actress

1972
Pankaj Mullick
Composer (Music Director)

1971
Prithviraj Kapoor
Actor (Posthumous)

1970
B. N. Sircar
Producer

1969
Devika Rani
Actress

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

Gallantry Awards

Param Vir Chakra (PVC)

Param Vir Chakra (PVC) is the highest gallantry award for officers and other enlisted personnel of all military branches of India for the highest degree of valour in the presence of the enemy. Introduced on 26th January 1950, this award may be given posthumously.
Literally, Param Vir Chakra means 'Wheel (or Cross) of the Ultimate Brave'. In Sanskrit, 'Param means Ultimate, 'Vir (Pronounced veer) means Brave and 'Chakra means Wheel.
If any recipient of the PVC shall again perform such and act of bravery as would have made him or her eligible to be recorded by a Bar to be attached to the riband by which the Chakra is suspended, and for every such additional act of bravery, an additional Bar shall be added, and any such Bar or Bars may also be awarded posthumously. For every Bar awarded a replica of the 'Indra's Vajra' in miniature shall be added to the riband when worn alone.
The PVC is the equivalent award of the Medal of Honour in the United States, and the Victoria Cross in the United Kingdom.

One amongst the luminous recipients of this honour was Flying Officer Nirmal Jiit Singh Sekhon, who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra posthumously in the year 1971. He is the lone Indian Air Force officer to have been honoured with the Param Vir Chakra till date.



The art of appreciating the brave and gallant is not new. They form one of the most important constituents of a nation’s stability.  History defines gallantry as commanded respect and appreciation. The concept of emancipation of the brave is cognizant in our Epics too. In the Mahabharata, the merit of dying as a martyr in the cause of Dharma is all along appreciated as the easiest way to heaven. In fact, any kind of death on the battlefield was considered glorious.
Whether being the appointed head of a clan, raised memorials in honour of the martyrs/brave souls or granted titles, robe of honour, cash awards or medals etc., recognition of bravery has always been a very prestigious affair. The conclusion of British Rule in India saw the end of the old institution of British honours and awards. Independent India saw the introduction of awards such as Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Shaurya Chakra etc.

Ashok Chakra

The Ashok Chakra series of awards are open to civilians also. Recommendations received in respect of civilians from the State Governments/Union territory Administra-tions and Ministries/Departments of the Central Government are processed by the Ministry of Defence for the consideration of the Central Honours and Awards Committee chaired by the Defence Minister. These awards are biannual and are given on the Republic Day and Independence Day.

Shaurya Chakra

This is awarded for gallantry other than in the face of the enemy. This award may be granted to civilians or to military personnel and may be awarded posthumously.

Nobel Laureates

Amartya Sen (b-1933): Prof. Amartya Sen is the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Economics for the year 1998, becoming the first Asian to have been honoured with the award. The Santiniketanborn economist who is a pioneer in Welfare Economics has to his credit several books and papers on aspects of welfare and development. An economist with a difference, Prof. Sen is a humanist. He has distinguished himself with his outstanding writings on famine, poverty, democracy, gender and social issues. The 'impossibility theorem' suggested earlier by Kenneth Arrow states that it was not possible to aggregate individual choices into a satisfactory choice for society as a whole. Prof. Sen showed mathematically that societies could find ways to alleviate such a poor outcome.

Subramanian Chandrashekhar (1910-1995): The Nobel Prize for Physics in 1983 was awarded to Dr S. Chandrashekhar, an Indian-born astrophysicist. Educated in Presidency College, Chennai, Dr Chandrashekhar happened to be the nephew of his Nobel forbear, Sir C.V. Raman. He later migrated to the United States where he authored several books on Astrophysics and Stellar Dynamics. He developed a theory on white dwarf stars which posts a limit of mass of dwarf stars known also as Chandrashekhar Limit. His theory explains the final stages of stellar evolution.

Mother Teresa (1910-1997): The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Mother Teresa in 1979. Albanian parentage, Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was born at Skopje, now in Yogoslavia. She joined the Irish order of the Sisters of Loretto at Dublin in 1928 and came to Kolkata in 1929 as a missionary, only to find the misery of the abandoned and the destitute. Concern for the poor and the sick prompted her to found a new congregation, Missionaries of Charity. Having become an Indian citizen, Mother Teresa served the cause of dying destitutes, lepers and drug addicts, through Nirmal Hriday (meaning Pure Heart), the main centre of her activity. Her selfless service and unique devotion, not only to helpless fellow-Indians but also to the cause of world peace, earned her and India the first Nobel Peace Prize.

Hargobind Khorana (1922-2011): Hargobind Khorana was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1968. Of Indian origin, Dr Khorana was born in Raipur, Punjab (now in Pakistan). He took his doctoral degree in Chemistry from Liverpool University and joined the University of Wisconsin as a Faculty Member in 1960. His major breakthrough in the field of Medicine -interpreting the genetic code and analysing its function in protein synthesis- fetched him the Nobel Prize.

Chandrashekhar Venkataraman (1888-1970): India's first Nobel Prize for Physics was claimed in 1930 by the renowned physicist Sir C.V. Raman. Born at Thiruvanaikkaval near Tiruchirapalli in Tamilnadu, Raman studied at Presidency College, Chennai. Later, he served as Professor of Physics at Calcutta University. Recipient of many honours and awards, including the title of 'Sir', Sir C.V. Raman received the Nobel Prize for an important optics research, in which he discovered that diffused light contained rays of other wavelengths-what is now popularly known as Raman Effect. His theory discovered in 1928 explains the change in the frequency of light passing through a transparent medium.

Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941): Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian ever to receive a Nobel Prize. Popularly known as Gurudev, India's Poet Laureate Tagore was born on 7th May 1861, in Kolkata. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in recognition of his work Geetanjali, a collection of poems, in 1913. Tagore wrote many love lyrics. Geetanjali and Sadhana are among his important works. The poet, dramatist and novelist is also the author of India's National Anthem. In 1901 he founded the famous Santiniketan which later came to be known as Vishwabharati University.

Friday, November 6, 2015

Man Booker Prize Winners Complete List (1969-2015)

2015 : Marlon James, Jamaica (A Brief History of Seven Killings - Novel)
2014 : Richard Flanagan, Australia (The Narrow Road to the Deep North - Historical Novel)
2013 : Eleanor Catton (Born-New Zealand), Canada (The Luminaries - Historical novel) 
2012 : Hilary Mantel, United Kingdom (Bring Up the Bodies - Historical novel) 
2011 : Julian Barnes, United Kingdom (The Sense of an Ending - Novel) 
2010 : Howard Jacobson, United Kingdom (The Finkler Question - Comic novel) 
2009 : Hilary Mantel, United Kingdom (Wolf Hall - Historical novel)
2008 : Aravind Adiga, India (The White Tiger - Novel)
2007 : Anne Enright, Ireland (The Gathering - Novel) 
2006 : Kiran Desai, India (The Inheritance of Loss - Novel)
2005 : John Banville, Ireland (The Sea - Novel) 
2004 : Alan Hollinghurst, United Kingdom (The Line of Beauty - Historical novel) 
2003 : DBC Pierre, Australia (Vernon God Little - Black comedy) 
2002 : Yann Martel, Canada (Life of Pi - Fantasy and adventure novel) 
2001 : Peter Carey, Australia (True History of the Kelly Gang - Historical novel) 
2000 : Margaret Atwood, Canada (The Blind Assassin - Historical novel) 
1999 : J. M. Coetzee, South Africa (Disgrace - Novel) 
1998 : Ian McEwan, United Kingdom (Amsterdam - Novel)
1997 : Arundhati Roy, India (The God of Small Things - Novel)
1996 : Graham Swift, United Kingdom (Last Orders - Novel)
1995 : Pat Barker, United Kingdom (The Ghost Road - War novel)
1994 : James Kelman, United Kingdom (How Late It Was, How Late - Stream of consciousness)
1993 : Roddy Doyle, Ireland (Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha - Novel)
1992 : Michael Ondaatje, Canada (The English Patient - Historiographic metafiction)
1992 : Barry Unsworth, United Kingdom (Sacred Hunger - Historical novel)
1991 : Ben Okri, Nigeria (The Famished Road - Magic realism)
1990 : A. S. Byatt, United Kingdom (Possession - Historical novel) 
1989 : Kazuo Ishiguro, United Kingdom (The Remains of the Day - Historical novel) 
1988 : Peter Carey, Australia (Oscar and Lucinda - Historical Novel)
1987 : Penelope Lively, United Kingdom (Moon Tiger - Novel) 
1986 : Kingsley Amis, United Kingdom (The Old Devils - Comic novel)
1985 : Keri Hulme, New Zealand (The Bone People - Mystery novel) 
1984 : Anita Brookner, United Kingdom (Hotel du Lac - Novel)
1983 : J. M. Coetzee, South Africa (Life and Times of Michael K- Novel) South Africa
1982 : Thomas Keneally, Australia (Schindler's Ark - Biographical novel) 
1981 : Salman Rushdie, United Kingdom (Midnight's Children - Magic realism)
1980 : William Golding, United Kingdom Rites of Passage - Novel)
1979 : Penelope Fitzgerald, United Kingdom (Offshore - Novel) 
1978 : Iris Murdoch (Born-United Kingdom), Ireland (The Sea, the Sea - Philosophical novel)
1977 : Paul Scott, United Kingdom (Staying On - Novel) 
1976 : David Storey, United Kingdom (Saville - Novel) 
1975 : Ruth Prawer Jhabvala (Born-Germany), United Kingdom (Heat and Dust - Historical novel)
1974 : Nadine Gordimer, South Africa (The Conservationist - Novel)
1974 : Stanley Middleton, United Kingdom (Holiday - Novel)
1973 : J. G. Farrell (Born-Ireland), United Kingdom (The Siege of Krishnapur - Novel)
1972 : John Berger, United Kingdom (G. - Experimental novel) 
1971 : V. S. Naipaul (Born- Trinidad and Tobago), United Kingdom (In a Free State - Short story)
1970 : J. G. Farrell(Born- Ireland), United Kingdom (Troubles - Novel) 
1970 : Bernice Rubens, United Kingdom (The Elected Member - Novel)
1969 : P. H. Newby, United Kingdom (Something to Answer For - Novel)
 

Sunday, September 13, 2015

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Winners


YearName of the Sportsperson(s)Sport Discipline
1991–92Viswanathan AnandChess
1992–93Geet SethiBilliards
1993–94
Not Conferred
1994–95Cdr. Homi D. Motivala (Joint)Yachting (Team Event)
Lt. Cdr. P. K. Garg (Joint)
1995–96Karnam MalleswariWeightlifting
1996–97Nameirakpam Kunjarani (Joint)Weightlifting
Leander Paes (Joint)Tennis
1997–98Sachin TendulkarCricket
1998–99Jyotirmoyee SikdarAthletics
1999–2000Dhanraj PillayHockey
2000–01Pullela GopichandBadminton
2001–02Abhinav BindraShooting
2002–03Anjali Ved Pathak Bhagwat(Joint)Shooting
K. M. Beenamol (Joint)Athletics
2003–04Anju Bobby GeorgeAthletics
2004–05Lt. Col Rajyavardhan Singh RathoreShooting
2005–06Pankaj AdvaniBilliards and Snooker
2006–07Manavjit Singh SandhuShooting
2007–08 Mahendra Singh DhoniCricket
2008–09Mary Kom (Joint)Boxing
Vijender Singh (Joint)Boxing
Sushil Kumar (Joint)Wrestling
2009–10Saina NehwalBadminton
2010–11Gagan NarangShooting
2011–12Vijay Kumar (Joint)Shooting
Yogeshwar Dutt (Joint)Wrestling
2012–13Ronjan SodhiShooting
2014–15Sania MirzaTennis

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

62nd National Film Awards Winners 2015

The 62nd National Film Awards were announced in a press conference in New Delhi on 24 March, 2015 . The conference was addressed by Jury Chairpersons Shri Bharathiraja and Shri Kamal Swaroop.

 List of winners:

• Best Feature Film: Court (Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati and English)
• Best Popular Film for Providing Wholesome Entertainment: Mary Kom
• Indira Gandhi Award for Best Debut Film of a Director: Asha for Jaoar Majhe
• Special Jury Award: Khwada (Marathi)
• Best Direction: Srijit Mukherji for Chotushkone (Bengali)
• Best Actress: Kangana Ranaut for Queen
• Best Actor: Vijay for Nanu Avanalla Avalu (Kannada)
• Best Supporting Actor: Bobby Simhaa for Jigarthanda (Tamil)
• Best Supporting Actress: Baljinder Kaur for Pagdi The Honour (Haryanavi)
• Best Child Actor: Kaakkaa Muttai(Tamil)
• Best Female Playback Singer: Uttara Unnikrishanan for Azhagu, Saivam (Tamil)
• Best Costume Designer: Haider (Hindi) Dolly Ahluwalia
• Best Make-up Artist: Nangaraju and Raju for Nanu Avanalla Avalu (Kannada)
• Best Cinematography: Chotushkone (Bengali)
• Best Editing: Vivek Harshan for Jigarthanda (Tamil)
• Best Production Design: Aparna Raina for Nachom - IA Kumpasar (Konkani)
• Best Screenplay Writer (Original): Srijit Mukherji for Chotushkone (Bengali)
• Best Screenplay Writer (Adapted): Joshy Mangalath for Ottal (Malayalam)
• Best Dialogues: Vishal Bhardwaj for Haider
• Best Lyrics: NA. Muthukumar for Azhagu, Saivam (Tamil)
• Best Music Direction Songs: Haider
• Best Music Direction Background Score: Nineteen Eighty Three (Malayalam)
• Best Audiography - Location Sound Recordist: Mahaveer Sabbanwal for Khwada (Marathi)
• Best Audiography - Sound Designer: Anish John for Asha Jaoar Majhe (Bengali)
• Best Audiography - Re-recordist of the final mixed track: Anirban Sengupta and Dipankar Chaki for Nirbashito (Bengali)
• Best Choreography: Sudesh Bismil, Haider
• Best Assamese Film: Othello
• Best Bengali Film: Nirbashito
• Best Hindi Film: Queen
• Best Rabha Film: Orong
• Best Haryanvi Film: Pagdi The Honour
• Best Punjabi Film: Punjab 1984
• Best Tamil Film: Kuttram Kadithal
• Best Telugu Film: Chandamama Kathalu
• Best Malayalam Film: Ain
• Best Marathi Film: Killa
• Best Odiya Film: Aadim Vichar
• Best Kannada Film: Harivu
• Best Konkani Film: Nachom - IA Kumpasar
• Special Mention: Killa (Marathi), Bhootnath Returns (Hindi), Ain (Malayalam), Nachom - IA Kumpasar (Konkani)
• Best Film on Environment Consevation/Preservation: Ottaal (Malayalam)
• Best Educational Film: Komal and Behind the Glass Wall
• Best Exploration/ Adventure Film: Life Force - India's Western Ghats
• Best Investigative Film: Phum Shang 
• Best Animation Film: Sound of Joy
• Best Short Fiction Film: Mitraa
• Best Film on Social Issues: Chotoder Chobi
• Best Children's Film: Kaakkaa Muttai (Tamil) and Elizabeth Ekadashi (Marathi)
• Best Film Critic: Tanul Thakur
• Best Book on Cinema: Silent Cinema: (1895-1930)
 

Sunday, March 22, 2015

Different types of Awards and Prizes

Nobel Prize
• It is the most coveted international award of the world.
• It was instituted by the inventor of dynamite, Alfred Bernard Nobel (1833-96)
• The award is given on Dec.10, which is the death anniversary of its founder.
• Nobel made a trust from the money that he earned through the patent of his invention whose interest is used to give the money for the Nobel Prizes.
• Nobel Prize is given every year to those eminent person who have made pioneering achievements in the field of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Peace, Literature and Economics. 
• Apart from Economics, all other categories have been given since 1901. Economics Nobel Prize was in 1967 and was first given in 1969.

Pulitzer Prize
• It was instituted in 1970 and named after the US Publisher Joseph Pulitzer.
• It is conferred annually in the USA for accomplishments in journalism, literature and music.

Magsaysay Awards
• They were instituted in 1957 and named after Ramon Magsaysay, the late President of Philippines, who died in an air crash.
• This award is given annually on August 31, for outstanding contributions to Public service, community leadership, journalism, literature and creative arts and international understanding.
• They are often regarding as the Nobel Prize of Asia.

Booker Prize
• It is the highest literary award given to the authors of British, Irish and Commonwealth countries.
• It is instituted in 1968 by the Booker Company and the British Publishers Association along the lines of Pulitzer Prize of US.
• Booker Prize has been renamed as Man Booker Prize, as the sponsorship has been taken by the Man Group, an international stockbroker.

Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding 
• It was instituted in 1965 by the Government of India.
• It is given annually to persons for outstanding contributions to the promotion of international understanding and goodwill among the people of the world.

Oscar Awards
• These awards were instituted in 1929 and conferred annually by the Academy of Motion Pictures in USA.
• These are considered the most prestigious award in the cinema world.
• The first Indian to get an Oscar was Bhanu Athaiya for the movie ‘Gandhi’.
• Satyajit Ray was the First Indian who was awarded Oscar for lifetime achievements in cinema in 1992.

Right Livelihood Award
• It was instituted in 1980 by the Right Livelihood Society, London.
• It is renowned as alternate Nobel Award to promote and contribute in the field of environment and social justice.

Mahatma Gandhi Peace Prize
• It was instituted in 1995 by the Government of India.
• It is presented for international peace on the lines of Nobel Prize.

UNESCO Peace Prize
• It is presented by United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for extraordinary contribution for international peace.

UNESCO Human Right Award
• It is also presented by UNESCO for contributions in the field of Human Rights Awareness.
• It is given every alternate year.

UN Human Right Award
• It is presented by United Nation (UN) for personal contribution for the cause of human rights.
• It is presented every sixth year.

World Food Prize
• It is presented by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), one of the branches of UNO, for the cause of agriculture and food development.

Olympic Gold Order
• It is presented by the International Olympic Committee for distinguished services in the development of the OLYMPIC MOVEMENT.

Indira Gandhi Award for International Peace, Disarmament and Development
• It is presented by Indira Gandhi Memorial Fund for specialized contribution in the filed of International disarmament and development.

Bharat Ratna
• It is the highest civilian award of India. It is presented by the Government of India.
• It is presented for exceptional public service and rarest achievements in the field of art, literature and science.
• It was instituted in 1954 and the first recipient was Dr. Radhakrishnan.
• Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award for distinguished services in any field including Government service.
• Padma Bhushan and Padma Shree are the other important civilian awards.

Bhartiya Jnanpeeth Awards
• It was instituted in 1965 and is given for distinguished works in any reconised language by a scholar.

Sahitya Akademi Award
• It was instituted in 1955 and is given for any exclusive writing in any of the 22 languages including English literature during last 5 years.

Murtidevi Award
• It was constituted in 1948 and is given in any Indian language or English literature, for distinguished contribution to Indian values.

Saraswati Samman
• It was instituted in 1991 by the K. K. Birla Foundation and is given for any distinguished literary work made during last 10 years in any of the Indian language.

Tansen Awards
• These awards are given by the Government of Madhya Pradesh for the outstanding contribution in the field of music.

Vyas Samman
• It was instituted in 1992 by K. K. Birla Foundation for outstanding contribution to Hindi literature.

Iqbal Samman
• These awards are given by the Government of Madhya Pradesh for the outstanding contribution in the field of literature.

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards
• These awards are given to the Indian scientist for their exceptional performance.

R.D. Birla Award
• These awards are given in the field of medical sciences.

Dhanvantri Award
• These awards are given for the extra ordinary performance in medical sciences.

Arjuna Awards
• These were instituted in 1961and given by Sports Ministry, Government of India.
• These are given for the special achievements in different types of sports.

Dronacharya Awards
• These were instituted in 1985 and given by Sports Ministry, Government of India.
• These are given to sports coaches.

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
• It was instituted in 1962 and is presented for commendable display by the players.

Gallantry Awards
• Param Vir Chakra : It is India’s highest award for bravery. 
• Mahavir Chakra : It is the second highest gallantry award. 
• Vir Chakra : It is the third highest gallantry award. 
• Ashok Chakra : It is the highest peace-time gallantry award.