Showing posts with label UNO. Show all posts
Showing posts with label UNO. Show all posts

Friday, August 29, 2014

United Nations International Years

ImportanceYear
» World Refugees year-1959-60
» Health and Medical Research year-1961
» Co-operation Year-1965
» Tourism year-1967
» Human Rights Year-1968
» Education Year-1970
» Action to Combat Racism and Racial Prejudice-1971
» Population Year-1974
» Women’s Year-1975
» Anti-Apartheid year-1978/79
» Childrens Year-1979
» Disabled Persons year-1981
» Mobilization for Sanctions Against South Africa-1982
» Communication Year-1983
» Youth Year-1985
» Peace Year-1986
» Year of Shelter for the Homeless-1987
» Literacy Year-1990
» Space Year-1992
» World’s Indigenous People year-1993
»Year of the Family, Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal-1994
» Year of Tolerance-1995
» Poverty Eradication Year-1996
» Ocean Year-1998
» Old Age persons Year-1999
» Peace and Cultural Year-2000
» Year of Volunteers-2001
» Year for Cultural Heritage, Ecotourism year, Mountains Year-2002
» Fresh Water Year-2003
» International Rice Year-2004
» International Micro Credit Year-2005
» International Physics Year-2005
» International Sports and Physical Education-2005
» Year of Deserts and Desertification-2006
» Polar Year-2007/08
» International Potato Year, International Earth Year, Year of Sanitation, Year of languages-2008
» Year of Reconciliation, Year of Natural Fibres, Human Rights learning, Year of Astronomy-2009
» Year of Youth, Reapproachment of cultures, Year of Seafarer, Bio Diversity Year-2010
» Year for People of African Descent, Year of Chemistry, Year of Forest-2011
» Sustainable Energy for All-2012
» Water Cooperation, Year of Quinoa-2013
» Solidarity with the Palestinian people year, Small Island Developing States, Crystallography, Family Farming-2014
» Year of Soils-2015
» Year of Pulses-2016

Monday, July 7, 2014

UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL YEARS


2016
International Year of Pulses
2015
International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies
2015
International Year of Soils
2014
International Year of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
International Year of Small Island Developing States
International Year of Crystallography
International Year of Family Farming
2013
International Year of Water Cooperation
International Year of Quinoa
2012
International Year of Cooperatives
International Year of Sustainable Energy for All
2011
International Year for People of African Descent
International Year of Chemistry
International Year of Forests
International Year of Youth (12 August 2010 — 11 August 2011)
2010
International Year of Youth (12 August 2010 — 11 August 2011)
International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures
International Year of Biodiversity
International Year of the Seafarer 
2009
International Year of Reconciliation
International Year of Natural Fibres
International Year of Human Rights Learning
International Year of Astronomy
Year of the Gorilla (UNEP and UNESCO) 
2008
International Year of Planet Earth
International Year of Languages
International Year of Sanitation
International Year of the Potato
2007/08
International Polar Year (WMO)
2006
International Year of Deserts and Desertification
2005
International Year of Microcredit
International Year for Sport and Physical Education
International Year of Physics
2004
International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition
International Year of Rice
2003
Year of Kyrgyz Statehood
International Year of Freshwater
2002
United Nations Year for Cultural Heritage
International Year of Mountains
International Year of Ecotourism
2001
United Nations Year of Dialogue among Civilizations
International Year of Volunteers
International Year of Mobilization against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance
2000
International Year of Thanksgiving
International Year for the Culture of Peace
1999
International Year of Older Persons
1998
International Year of the Ocean
1996
International Year for the Eradication of Poverty
1995
United Nations Year for Tolerance
World Year of Peoples’ Commemoration of the Victims of the Second World War
1994
International Year of the Family
International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal
1993
International Year for the World's Indigenous People
1992
International Space Year
1990
International Literacy Year
1987
International Year of Shelter for The Homeless
1986
International Year of Peace
1985
Year of The United Nations
International Youth Year: Participation, Development, Peace
1983
World Communications Year; Development of Communication Infrastructures
1982
International Year of Mobilization for Sanctions Against South Africa
1981
International Year for Disabled Persons
1979
International Year of The Child
1978/79
International Anti-Apartheid Year
1975
International Women's Year
1974
World Population Year
1971
International Year for Action to Combat Racism and Racial Prejudice
1970
International Education Year
1968
International Year for Human Rights
1967
International Tourist Year
1965
International Co-operation Year
1961
International Health and Medical Research Year
1959/60
World Refugee Year

Wednesday, December 19, 2012

UNO International Years

2014
International Year of Crystallography
International Year of Family Farming
2013
International Year of Water Cooperation
International Year of Quinoa
2012
International Year of Cooperatives
International Year of Sustainable Energy for All
2011
International Year for People of African Descent
International Year of Chemistry
International Year of Forests
International Year of Youth (12 August 2010 — 11 August 2011)
2010
International Year of Youth (12 August 2010 — 11 August 2011)
International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures
International Year of Biodiversity
International Year of the Seafarer  
2009
International Year of Reconciliation
International Year of Natural Fibres
International Year of Human Rights Learning
International Year of Astronomy
Year of the Gorilla (UNEP and UNESCO)  
2008
International Year of Planet Earth
International Year of Languages
International Year of Sanitation
International Year of the Potato
2007/08
International Polar Year (WMO)
2006
International Year of Deserts and Desertification
2005
International Year of Microcredit
International Year for Sport and Physical Education
International Year of Physics
2004
International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition
International Year of Rice
2003
Year of Kyrgyz Statehood
International Year of Freshwater
2002
United Nations Year for Cultural Heritage
International Year of Mountains
International Year of Ecotourism
2001
United Nations Year of Dialogue among Civilizations
International Year of Volunteers
International Year of Mobilization against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance
2000
International Year of Thanksgiving
International Year for the Culture of Peace
1999
International Year of Older Persons
1998
International Year of the Ocean
1996
International Year for the Eradication of Poverty
1995
United Nations Year for Tolerance
World Year of Peoples’ Commemoration of the Victims of the Second World War
1994
International Year of the Family
International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal
1993
International Year for the World's Indigenous People
1992
International Space Year
1990
International Literacy Year
1987
International Year of Shelter for The Homeless
1986
International Year of Peace
1985
Year of The United Nations
International Youth Year: Participation, Development, Peace
1983
World Communications Year; Development of Communication Infrastructures
1982
International Year of Mobilization for Sanctions Against South Africa
1981
International Year for Disabled Persons
1979
International Year of The Child
1978/79
International Anti-Apartheid Year
1975
International Women's Year
1974
World Population Year
1971
International Year for Action to Combat Racism and Racial Prejudice
1970
International Education Year
1968
International Year for Human Rights
1967
International Tourist Year
1965
International Co-operation Year
1961
International Health and Medical Research Year
1959/60
World Refugee Year

Tuesday, July 17, 2012

United Nations in India


The United Nations in India is led by the UN Resident Coordinator, Mr. Patrice Coeur-Bizot, who is the designated representative of the UN Secretary General and leader of the UN Country Team.   The UN Country Team, which consists of Heads of UN Agencies, steers the work of the UN within India.  The Resident Coordinator mechanism focuses on Joint Programmes, Teams (security, disaster, operations, AHI), Advocacy with national and provincial elected representatives, UNDAF common programming, planning and monitoring, resource mobilization, HACT and popularizing and localizing MDGs.
The UN in India has harmonized the UNDAF with national goals as articulated in the 11th Five-year Plan of the Government of India to facilitate ‘inclusive growth’.   Accordingly, the UNDAF India 2008-2012 focuses on delivering results to the excluded groups, especially women and girls, and was approved by the Planning Commission, Government of India in February 2007.
The following is a brief note on individual UN entity’s priority areas in India. 
APCTT: The APCTT works on technology transfer services, technology capacity-building, promotion and management of innovation as well as sub-regional and regional networking.
ESCAP: UNESCAP is the regional development arm of the UN and serves as the main economic and social development centre for the UN in Asia and the Pacific. The mandate of UNESCAP is to foster cooperation between its 53 members and nine associate members. In December 2011, ESCAP set up its sub-regional office for South and South West Asia (SRO-SSWA) in New Delhi, launched with a high-level policy dialogue on development challenges facing the sub-region. The SRO-SSWA strives to facilitate regional economic cooperation and the sharing of development experiences in support of MDG achievement with a focus on least developed countries within the sub-region. It serves 10 countries in the sub-region, namely: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Turkey.
FAO: FAO focuses on technical assistance in facilitating multi-lateral cooperatio0n to reduce the risk to food security and economic growth, offering support to the national government in strengthening the implementation of national missions and programmes aimed at reducing poverty and piloting innovative approaches and piloting innovative approaches with governments, NGOs and private sector in agricultural and rural development. 
IFAD: IFAD’s focus is on providing access to improved livelihood opportunities for tribal communities in semi-arid areas, microfinance services, and use of new technologies for agriculture to help reduce poverty.
IFC:   IFC has doubled its budget in the area of its main focus- infrastructure- to $600 million.  Areas of work are natural gas, wind power, port services, and developing PPP in infrastructure sector.
ILO: The overarching goal of ILO work is Decent Work (DW), i.e., promoting opportunities for all women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and dignity. ILO’s Programme has been finalized jointly with its partners – Government, employers and workers.
IMF: The focus of IMF's work is to facilitate the flow of information between the Government of India, the Reserve Bank of India and the IMF and train officials from RBI, national and state governments.
UNAIDS: The UNAIDS in India coordinates technical support with all development partners for implementation of  the third five-year phase of the National AIDS Control Programme. It also generates strategic information to track and monitor the epidemic.
UNODC: UNODC activities in India focus on drug abuse awareness, preventing transmission of HIV, precursor chemical control, human trafficking and in new areas such as prison reforms, migrants and anti corruption.
UNDP:  UNDP works to support Government at all levels and communities in villages and towns on inclusive governance, livelihoods promotion, stemming the spread of HIV/AIDS. In areas prone to natural disasters, UNDP helps further efforts aimed at building the resilience of communities at risk. UNDP is committed to help India achieve MDGs as well as the national objectives articulated in consecutive Five-Year Plans.
UNESCO: UNESCO’s work in India focuses on capacity building in the areas of education, natural, social and human sciences, heritage sites, culture and strengthening communication and information capacities
UNIC: The UNIC was the first United Nations office to be established in India and also covers Bhutan.  UNIC's work includes informing media, governments, NGOs, academia and general public about the work of the United Nations. 
UNFPA: UNFPA works within the SWAP on the Reproductive and Child Health programme (RCH II) within the rubric of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) till 2010.  UNFPA, in addition, provides support for addressing pre-natal sex selection and gender based violence, improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health, promoting safe sexual behaviour, mainstreaming RH and gender in disaster response, and promoting population and development strategies.
UNHCR: The UNHCR protects and assists some 11,500 refugees in India.   While India is not a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention or its Protocol of 1967, it has been a member of UNHCR’s Executive Committee in Geneva since 1996. 
UNICEF: The India Country Programme is UNICEF’s largest country programme of cooperation. The overall goal of the Country Programme is to advance the fulfillment of the rights of all women and children in India to survival, development, participation and protection by reducing social inequalities based on gender, caste, ethnicity or region.
UNIDO: The UNIDO’s Regional Office for South Asia acts to mobilize knowledge, information, skills and technology to promote competitive industry, productive employment and sound environment.
UN Women: Advancement of women’s rights being the centre of all its efforts, UN Women focuses its activities on three strategic areas: i) Enhancing women’s economic security and rights; ii)  Reducing prevalence of violence against women and HIV/AIDS  iii) Advancing gender justice in democratic governance and iv) capacity building of women elected representatives.
UNMOGIP: The UNMOGIP observes developments pertaining to the adherence of the cease-fire of December 1971 and report these to the Secretary-General. Based in both India and Pakistan, UNMOGIP has field stations , Liaison Office in New Delhi (India) administrative and Logistics HQ in Rawalpindi (Pakistan), and Operational HQ (alternates six-Monthly between Rawalpindi (Pakistan) and Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir).
UNOPS: UNOPS’ India Procurement Office (IPO) has been operating from New Delhi since September 2007.  It operates, currently, as a procurement agent for Government of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
WB: The World Bank’s Country Strategy for 2009-2012 focuses on helping the country to fast- track the development of much needed infrastructure and to support the seven poorest states achieve higher standards of living. 
WFP: The World Food Programme’s Country Programme (2008-12) has three major components I) capacity development to improve the performance of food based schemes ii) Improving nutritional status of women and children through fortification initiatives and support to the ICDS and iii) )Improving food security by creating assets and reducing vulnerability through food for work projects.
WHO: In India, WHO provides technical assistance and collaborates with the Government of India and major stakeholders in health development efforts. It assists notably in Policy Development; Capacity Building and Advocacy. The four main strategic objectives of WHO in India are:  (i)  reduce the burden of communicable and emerging diseases;  (ii) promote maternal and child health;  (iii) scale up prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) ; and  (iv) strengthen health systems development within the national and global environment, with a focus on human resources.
UNCTAD: UNCTAD assists Indian policy makers (the Ministry of Commerce, area focus ministries like textiles, small scale industry, women and child development and local governments) and other stakeholders (industry, civil society) in understanding the developmental dimension of key trade issues, as they relate to negotiations in the WTO and other trading arrangements.
UN HABITAT: The Programme focuses on: i) Pro-poor Urban Water Governance, ii) Urban Water Demand Management, iii) Integrated Urban Environmental Sanitation, and iv) Creation of income generation opportunities for the urban poor by involving them in the management and delivery of community-based water and sanitation services.
UN Millennium Campaign: The UNMC works in close collaboration with the UNRC mechanism for promoting MDGs, especially focusing on civil society initiatives.
ITC, Geneva: International Trade Centre, Geneva has operations in India and works as a Non Resident Agency.

Tuesday, May 1, 2012

Important United Nations (UN) Agencies

The United Nations (UN) Agencies plays a leading role in providing development and humanitarian assistance, including as a first-responder to natural disasters and complex emergencies.

Name of Agency
Estd. In
Headquarters
Purpose
International Labour Organization (ILO)
1919
Geneva
To improve conditions and living standard of workers.
World Health Organization (WHO)
1948
Geneva
Attainment of highest possible level of heath by all people.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
1946
Paris
To Promote collaboration among nations through education, science and culture.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
1957
Vienna
To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
1946
New York
To promote children’s welfare all over the world.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
1950
Geneva
To provide protection to refugees.
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)
1967
New York
For formulating population policies.
International Fund for Agricultural Development
1977
Rome
For financing agricultural projects in the world to raise the economic growth.
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
1964
Geneva
Promotes international trade to accelerate economic growth of developing countries.
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
1947
Montreal
Promotes safety of international aviation.
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
1945
Washington D.C.
Promotes international monetary cooperation.
International Finance Corporation (IFC)
1956
Washington D.C.
Promotes economic development by encouraging private enterprise in its member countries.
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
1947
Berne
Improve various postal services in the world.
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)
1972
Nairobi
Promotes international co-operation in human environment.
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
1967
Geneva
Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, and telephone and space radio communication.
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
1945
Rome
To improve living condition of rural population.
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
1945
Washington D.C.
Development of economic of members by facilitating investment of capitals by providing loans.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
1950
Geneva
Promote international exchange of weather reports.
World Trade Organization (WTO)
1995
Geneva
Setting rules for world trade to reduce tariffs.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

New York
Help developing countries increase the wealth producing capabilities o their natural and human resources.
Inter Government maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO)
1958
London
Promotes co-operation on technical matters of maritime safety, navigation and encourages anti-pollution measures.
International Development Association (IDA)
1960
Washington D.C.
An affiliate of the World Bank, aims to help under-developed countries raise living standards.
International Tele-communication Union (ITU)
1947
Geneva
Sets international regulations for radio telegraph, telephone and space radio communications.
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
1965
New York
Provides training and research to help facilitate UN objectives of world peace and security and of economic and social progress.
United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)
1949
New York
Provides basic amenities and education for the victims of Arab-Israel War.
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)
1967
New York
Studying population dynamics, collecting population data, formulating and evolving population policies, family planning and related programs

Sunday, September 18, 2011

International Organizations

 
(AIEA)

  International Labour Organization
(BIT)

 
United Nations Conference on Trade and Developpement (UNCTAD)

 
(FAO)

 
International Fund for Agricultural Developpement
(IFAD)

 
International Monetary Fund
(IMF)

 
(UNFPA)

 
World Bank Group
(WBG)

 
(ICAO)

  World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO)

 
World Trade Organization
(WTO)

 
(IMO)

 
(WHO)

 
The United NAtions
(UN)

 
United Nations Industrial developpement Organization
(ONUDI)


 
(ITU)

 

 
The United Nations Children's Fund
(UNICEF)

 
Union Postale Universelle
(UPU)
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